It was the only event that united everyone to achieve something big, but the final crude mission to the moon was in 1972. Since then, people have lost interest in the idea of space traveling, but things are now starting to change. A colony on mars has been in the works ever since several probes, landers and rovers have been sent to mars to study the planet with hopes to eventually send humans there. Now you might wonder why we would want to risk human lives and go to another planet when there are chances of the crew, not even returning. This mission serves great purpose for the future of humanity, because the chances of a third world war or a lethal pandemic or an asteroid impact are low, but just enough that we should take precaution. The best way to do that is by ensuring the survival of mankind away from all earthly complications. Mars is a good candidate for a settlement, because it is the only planet in the solar system other than earth, with a bearable temperature. Of course, mars is less than half the size of earth. Its diameter is 6790 kilometers to be precise, and all the mars surface is usually too cold to host liquid water. It does have polar ice caps like earth where water can be extracted from for drinking washing and farming. Speaking of farming, several vegetables and plants could in fact flourish on the martian soil. Mars atmosphere is 100 times thinner than the earth’s atmosphere, so that means astronauts would have to wear protective space, suits to walk and complete tasks, but there’s a concept called terraforming, which means changing a terrestrial area to fit your needs.

We would have to introduce a greenhouse gas effect on the surface of mars, which would make the planet warmer and make its atmosphere thicker. In other words, global warming on mars, we would need breathable oxygen, since the oxygen in its atmosphere is less than one percent astronauts. Would have to live in pressurized, glass, domes or underground now that we have all the above methods figured out. The next question is: how do we even get there? The average distance from earth to mars is about 225 million kilometers, so it’s, definitely not anything like your normal road trip with your friends in fact, earth and mars align every two years that’s, when these planets are the closest to each other, which occurs every 26 months. The vehicle likely used by nasa or spacex would be the starship currently under testing and development. The starship will be stacked on top of a super heavy booster powered by 41 raptor engines. When the development of this vehicle is finished, it would be the biggest rocket ever developed. It would be bigger than the saturn 5 rocket, which was used to get the apollo astronauts to the moon, but taking regular missions into consideration crude or payload. The starship will be fully reusable, which no other launch vehicle has ever been able to achieve. It would be kind of like an airplane, but for interplanetary journeys. Reusability is important for cutting down costs per launch the shortest trip to mars. With the technology available to us today would take 6 to 8 months.

This is why the starship is very spacey, i’m sure. The last thing these astronauts need would be another lockdown, but in space to secure the survival of humankind. This mission is important. We never know when we could blow ourselves up and go extinct only remembered by our probes and rovers to distant unexplored worlds.