Quantum computers, if they ever get started, will help us solve problems like modeling, complex chemical processes that our existing computers, can’t even scratch, the surface of, but the quantum future isn’t going to come easily and there’s. No, knowing what it’ll look like when it does arrive at the moment, companies and researchers are using a handful of different approaches to try and build the most powerful computers. The world has ever seen, here’s everything you need to know about the coming quantum revolution. What is quantum computing? Quantum computing takes advantage of the strange ability of subatomic particles to exist in more than one state. At any time. Due to the way the tiniest of particles behave, operations can be done much more quickly and use less energy than classical computers in classical computing. A bit is a single piece of information that can exist in two states: one or zero quantum computing uses quantum bits or quits. Instead, these are quantum systems with two states. However, unlike a usual bit, they can store much more information than just one or zero because they can exist in any superposition of these values. Google’S d, wave supercomputer d wave the difference between classical bits and quits is that we can also prepare crits in a quantum superposition of zero and one and create non trivial. Correlated states of a number of quits, so called entangled states, says alexey fedorov, a physicist at the moscow institute of physics and technology, a quit can be thought of like an imaginary sphere, whereas a classical bit can be in two states at either of the two poles Of the sphere, a quit can be any point on the sphere.

This means a computer. Using these bits can store a huge amount, more information using less energy than a classical computer. How far away are quantum computers? Until recently, it seemed like google was leading the pack when it came to creating a quantum computer that could surpass the abilities of conventional computers. In a nature, article published in march 2017, the search giant set out ambitious plans to commercialize quantum technology in the next five years. Shortly after that, google said it intended to achieve something: it’s, calling quantum supremacy with a 49 quid computer by the end of 2017.. Now quantum supremacy, which roughly refers to the point where a quantum computer can crunch sums that a conventional computer couldn’t hope to simulate isn’t exactly a widely accepted term within the quantum community, those skeptical of google’s quantum project, or at least the way it talks about quantum Computing argue that supremacy is essentially an arbitrary goal set by google to make it look like it’s making strides in quantum when really it’s, just meeting self imposed targets, whether it’s an arbitrary goal or not. Google was picked to the supremacy post by ibm in november 2017 when the company announced it had built a 50 foot quantum computer. Even that, however, was far from stable, as the system could only hold its quantum microstate for 90 microseconds, a record, but far from the times needed to make quantum computing practically viable. Just because ibm has built a 50 foot system, however, doesn’t necessarily mean they’ve cracked supremacy and definitely doesn’t mean that they’ve created a quantum computer that is anywhere near ready for practical use where ibm has gone further than google, however, is making quantum computers commercially available.

Since 2016, it had offered researchers the chance to run experiments on a 5 quid quantum computer via the cloud and at the end of 2017, started making its 20 quit system available online too. But quantum computing is by no means a two horse race. Californian startup rigetti is focusing on the stability of its own systems, rather than just the number of crypts, and it could be the first to build a quantum computer that people can actually use a company based in vancouver. Canada has already created what it is calling the 2 000 quid system. Although many researchers don’t consider the v wave systems to be true, quantum computers intel 2 has skin in the game. In february 2018, the company announced that it had found a way of fabricating quantum chips from silicon, which would make it much easier to produce chips using existing manufacturing methods. What can quantum computers do that normal ones? Can’T quantum computers operate on completely different principles to existing computers, which makes them really well suited to solving particular mathematical problems like finding very large prime numbers, since prime numbers are so important in cryptography, it’s likely that quantum computers would quickly be able to crack. Many of the systems that keep our online information secure because of these risks. Researchers are already trying to develop technology that is resistant to quantum hacking and on the flip side of that it’s possible that quantum based cryptographic systems would be much more secure than conventional analogs.

Researchers are also excited about the prospect of using quantum computers to model complicated chemical reactions, a task that conventional supercomputers aren’t very good. At all. In july 2016, google engineers used a quantum device to simulate a hydrogen molecule for the first time and since them, ibm has managed to model the behavior of even more complex molecules, eventually, researchers hope they’ll be able to use quantum simulations to design entirely new molecules for Use in medicine, but the holy grail for quantum chemists is to be able to model the haverbosch process a way of artificially producing ammonia. That is still relatively inefficient.