Jeff bauer is a writer who produces non fiction. Materials for scholastic publishing on the left is his book about lightning and then a book about animals that live underground called underground homes. This book that he did for young learners is called the planets. The contents page of this book tells us that we are going to find three chapters. What is a planet, the inner planets and the outer planets chapter one? What is a planet? Take a look at this picture. You can see the moon right right here, but there’s. Something else glowing in the night sky, those tiny dots of light are planets, not stars planets. You can get a great look at some of the planets with a telescope planets are like round balls. They travel through space at amazing speeds, here’s, a fast fact about. One of the planets venus looks like this through a telescope. It travels nearly 80 000 miles per hour. Many people, people think of venus as our twin planet, because it’s closest in size to earth. Guess what our home the earth is a planet. The earth is one of eight planets, some are bigger than the earth a lot bigger and some are smaller, all of the planets orbit around the sun. They travel in circles and ellipses around the sun, the four planets closest to the sun. These four are called the inner planets. The other four farther away from the sun are called the outer planets.

Let’S. Take a space tour to learn all about them. Here is a little trick that people use to remember the names of the planets in order like the trick, with roy g biv for the colors of the rainbow red orange, yellow, green blue indigo and violet. This trick is my very eager mother just served us noodles m v e m j s: u n! Those are the beginning of these planets m v e m j s? U n! This sentence can help. You remember the eight planets in order. My is m for mercury v is v for venus earth and so on. One body from the solar system is not a planet. In 2006, scientists decided among themselves that pluto was really too small to be properly called a planet. They decided it should be called a dwarf planet. Instead, that means your parents might have grown up thinking. There were nine planets, but you now know that there are eight and not nine. Pluto is now considered a dwarf planet. What is a dwarf planet? This information comes from the canadian space agency. They have lots of good information online. This is their address. If you want to look at this particular page, they say a dwarf planet is a celestial object, something you can see in the sky, maybe with a telescope, but it orbits a star it’s, roughly ball shaped or spherical, and often it has many other large bodies, such As comets asteroids or other dwarf planets near them, how about in our solar system? What are the dwarf planets in our solar system, dwarf planets in our solar system? According to the canadian space agency, there are five.

There are also some other tinier ones out there, but these are the five pluto eris ceres makamake, several dozens more are being considered ones like orcas and gangang. This is a fun thing for you to look up on your own and learn more about this topic. Chapter 2, the inner planets. First, one is mercury. The planet mercury is closest to the sun, it gets super hot. During the day, the surface of mercury is covered with craters, just like the moon. The next planet is venus. This is a volcano on venus. It has gigantic volcanoes. The planet, venus has lots of volcanoes. The air is filled with thick clouds of poisonous gas. The gas smells like rotten eggs. Yuck still, scientists are interested because there are some things in that atmosphere that make us think. Maybe there were once forms of life on venus, we don’t know we’re still investigating. You should recognize this planet, it’s, blue and white, and beautiful and green and brown where the land is. This is earth. This is one of the seven continents that’s africa. This is asia. Over here this is europe. This is antarctica down here. The planet earth is just the right distance from the sun for living things like us. It is not too hot or too cold. More than six and a half billion people live here. The next planet, farther away from the sun from the earth than the earth is, would be mars. This space probe is called the mars rover, and, just recently, the united states landed perseverance, a rover, the size of a car on the surface of mars.

The planet mars has a reddish color space probes have visited there. Just recently. China has a space probe. There uh, the united arab emirates, have a space probe there. The european space agency has probes in orbit. Many nations are interested in mars, but nobody was on board any of these probes. The probes took pictures and sent them back to earth scoop up, rocks and analyze them. No human beings have been to mars yet, but smart people are thinking about how to make that happen. Chapter 3, the outer planets. This is one of jupiter’s moons. This is the most famous part of jupiter, the big red dot, which is like a gigantic hurricane it’s. A storm that goes on and on and on the planet jupiter is huge. It is the largest planet in the whole. Solar system want to hear another amazing fact: jupiter has at least 63 moons circling it after jupiter, going farther away from the sun comes saturn don’t. Try counting the rings. Saturn has thousands of them they’re made out of icy crystals. The planet saturn has many rings, the rings are made of pieces of ice and rock some of the pieces are as small as marbles others as big as houses. The next planet farthest away from the sun, is uranus. It has 11 vertical rings. That means the rings go this way. Instead of the way they go on saturn the opposite direction. This bluish planet is neptune. Neptune’S winds can blow 1200 miles per hour, that’s 12 times.