It is today. Evidence discovered by landed and orbital missions, point to wet conditions. Billions of years ago.. These environments lasted long enough to potentially support the development of microbial life.. Mars 2020 is a Mars rover mission by NASA’s, Mars Exploration Program that includes the Perseverance rover and the Ingenuity helicopter drone.. It was launched on 30 July 2020 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Florida and will touch down in Jezero crater on Mars on 18 February 2021, Using Terrain Relative Navigation. The Perseverance rover can estimate its location while descending through the Martian atmosphere on its parachute.. That allows the rover to determine its position relative to the ground with an accuracy of about 130 feet or better.. Jezero Crater is a very interesting place. it’s, a crater that once held a lake. Scientists believe the area was once flooded with water and was home to an ancient river delta.. Scientists also see evidence that water carried clay, minerals from the surrounding area into the Crater Lake., Conceivably microbial life could have lived in Jezero during one or more of these wet times. Perseverance will seek signs of ancient microbial life on Mars, collect and cache. Martian rock and regolith characterize the planet’s geology and climate and pave the way for human exploration of the Red. Planet. Perseverance will carry seven instruments to conduct unprecedented science and test new technology on the Red Planet, Mastcam Z, an advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic imaging capability, with the ability to zoom.

SuperCam, an instrument that can provide imaging chemical composition, analysis and mineralogy. At a distance Planetary Instrument for X, ray Lithochemistry PIXL, an X ray fluorescence, spectrometer and high resolution imager to map the fine scale, elemental composition of Martian, surface materials., SHERLOC, a spectrometer that will provide fine scale, imaging and uses an ultraviolet laser to map mineralogy and organic Compounds The Mars Oxygen In Situ Resource Utilization, Experiment MOXIE, a technology demonstration that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide, Mars Environmental Dynamics, Analyzer, MEDA, a set of sensors that will provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape. The Radar Imager for Mars, Subsurface Experiment RIMFAX a ground penetrating radar that will provide centimeter scale. Resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface. Technology. Perseverance will also test new technology for future, robotic and human missions to the Red Planet.. That includes an autopilot for avoiding hazards called Terrain. Relative Navigation and a set of sensors for gathering data during the landing Perseverance is about 278 pounds, 126 kilograms heavier than Curiosity., But a new autonomous navigation system will allow the rover to drive faster in challenging terrain.. It uses the heat from the natural decay of plutonium 238 to generate electricity. Perseverance is designed to last atleast one Mars years, that is equal to 687 earth days, but it has an operational life of 14 years.. The Perseverance rover landing on Mars on Feb. 18 will mark the end of a decade of planning and a 300 million mile journey to the red planet.